Experimental studies on coals of various metamorphic grades and various fractional states have been performed in 2000 by using the Institute of Thermal Physics of the Russian Academy of Sciences, at experimental thermal electricity facilities. These showed that first-rate-ground coal, milled to a particle length of 15-30 microns, develops a rather reactive property that is analogous to gas oil – to which it can end up an alternative. The experimental facility become rated at as much as 1000 kW, and equipped for use with ultra-pleasant floor coal (produced with an ultra-exceptional ball mill); burning (pre-furnace and furnace device); a plasma machine and fuel starter for ignition and supplementary firing; combustion manage (an automatic publish for combustion manage) and cleaning (a vortex scrubber). The outcomes produced in those experiments can be used to set up the parameters wished in technological facilities for ignition systems and supplementary burning the use of coal-dust boilers – a substitute gas for gas and fuel-oil boilers.
The conclusions from these theoretical and experimental research pointed to the technical and monetary viability of using extremely-great ground coal as a new oil-free era for the ignition and stabilisation of combustion in coil-fired boilers at electricity flora, in addition to the ability to replace liquid fuels in boilers.
The primary technological centers for using this new generation are: equipment for extremely-quality milling (ball turbines), and the supplementary system for providing and combustion of coal. Technical designs for the supplementary gadget had been developed, which can be important for wheeling-out the new technology (muffle furnace equipment, enter nozzles for the coal dirt, accelerating devices for igniting the primary fuel mixtures, feeders for gasoline discharge, hoppers for garage, and so on). Factories able to manufacture the new supplementary system already exist in Russia. The closing-stated also produces milling system, and particularly ball mills for ultra-great milling approaches.
This new generation is low-price, with a short go back-on-funding cycle which will hit break-even in no more than 2 to 3 years. The extra financing prices are in generating the extremely-exceptional ground coal (the purchase of ball mill machinery) – the additional machinery additionally has a short investment payback cycle because of the economics of the gasoline supply industry.
The new Plasma-fuel generation has now surpassed the final degrees of certification – for pilot business use. This lets in assessment of the risks of the new generation – and if required, it is able to be similarly honed to optimise its operation previous to finalising the business case which can be positioned to potential traders.